top of page

How thousands of invisible citations sneak into papers and make for fake metrics

In 2022, Guillaume Cabanac noticed something unusual: a study had attracted more than 100 citations in a short span of less than two months of being published despite only being downloaded 62 times. The discrepancy pointed to a new innovation in scientific fraud and citation gaming, according to a new study by Cabanac and colleagues. The whole article was published by Retraction Watch.

IMAGE: Dan4th Nicholas — Flickr

bottom of page